The relationship between these is disputed: whether Hegel meant to prove claims about the development of world history, or simply used it for illustration; whether or not the more conventionally philosophical passages are meant to address specific historical and philosophical positions; and so forth. Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich, 1770–1831. Hegel's The Phenomenology of Spirit (1807) is one of the most influential texts in the history of modern philosophy. This last line sums up Hegel's entire philosophy of human existence. 2020. hegel phenomenology of spirit read.  It can thus be seen as a heuristic attempt at creating the need of philosophy (in the present state) and of what philosophy itself in its present state needs. I'm just wondering if scholars generally prefer the Miller translation or the Pinkard/Baur one. 4.5 out of 5 stars 213. The one by A. V. Miller is most commonly used. Thus, philosophy, according to Hegel, cannot just set out arguments based on a flow of deductive reasoning. My Hegel professor claimed that the Miller one was by far the best. Major Works; Multimedia; Phenomenology of Spirit (Phänomenologie des Geistes) Recommended translation: Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit, tr. The Hegelian method consists of actually examining consciousness' experience of both itself and of its objects and eliciting the contradictions and dynamic movement that come to light in looking at this experience. 32, No 4, "Stoicism", Chapter IV, B, "The Phenomenology of Spirit", translated by Kenley R. Dove, "The Philosophical Forum", Vol. Hegel was putting the finishing touches to this book as Napoleon engaged Prussian troops on October 14, 1806, in the Battle of Jena on a plateau outside the city. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. ... thanks to Jean McIntire. The Encyclopedia of the Philosophical Sciences, in its third section (Philosophy of Spirit), contains a second subsection (The Encyclopedia Phenomenology) that recounts in briefer and somewhat altered form the major themes of the original Phenomenology. Unfortunately, it is difficult to straightforwardly remove the universal masculine from Hegel's thought. Hegel also argues strongly against the epistemological emphasis of modern philosophy from Descartes through Kant, which he describes as having to first establish the nature and criteria of knowledge prior to actually knowing anything, because this would imply an infinite regress, a foundationalism that Hegel maintains is self-contradictory and impossible. Critique of Pure Reason (Penguin Modern Classics) Immanuel Kant. Later that same day Hegel wrote a letter to his friend the theologian Friedrich Immanuel Niethammer: I saw the Emperor – this world-soul – riding out of the city on reconnaissance. Phänomenologie des Geistes. New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast, More posts from the askphilosophy community.  However, unlike Darwin, Hegel thought that organisms had agency in choosing to develop along this progression by collaborating with other organisms. I've read Philosophy of Right, as well as some Hegel-inspired texts, so I think I'm ready to give the Phenomenology of Spirit a go. Although it has not yet been issued by Cambridge University Press, Terry Pinkard has a draft of his new translation of the Phenomenology on his website, you can download it from there. Furthermore, according to some readers, Hegel may have changed his conception of the project over the course of the writing. This involves an exposition on the content and standpoint of philosophy, i.e, the true shape of truth and the element of its existence, that is interspersed with polemics aimed at the presumption and mischief of philosophical formulas and what distinguishes it from that of any previous philosophy, especially that of his German Idealist predecessors (Kant, Fichte, and Schelling). The Preface to the text is a preamble to the scientific system and cognition in general. The triad terms, 'abstract–negative–concrete' contain an implicit explanation for the flaws in Kant's terms. Terry Pinkard (Philosophy, Georgetown University) has produced a new translation of Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit (which will be published by Cambridge University Press), and he has generously made a draft of the text available online for use in classes. Hegel 1 Contents 3 Preface 5 Introduction 35 I. Sensory Certainty: The This and Meaning 43 II. Focusing on topics in metaphysics, epistemology, physics, ethics, history, religion, perception, consciousness, and political philosophy, it is where Hegel develops his concepts of dialectic (including the master–slave dialectic), absolute idealism, ethical life, and Aufhebung. It's back on his website now: http://terrypinkard.weebly.com/phenomenology-of-spirit-page.html. Pinkard shows deep respect for the reader's feeling of Hegel, and leaves the original german term in a footnote where suitable. In fact, the new "object" for consciousness is developed from consciousness' inadequate knowledge of the previous "object". However, in a characteristic reversal, Hegel explains that under his method, the opposite occurs. G.W.F. Alexandre Kojève is easily one of the most influential thinkers of the last century. Perception: The Thing and Illusion 48 III. First, Hegel wrote the book under close time constraints with little chance for revision (individual chapters were sent to the publisher before others were written). Phenomenology of Spirit G. W. F. Hegel Translated by A. V. Miller and With an analysis of the text and foreword by J. N. Findlay. Regardless of (ongoing) academic controversy regarding the significance of a unique dialectical method in Hegel's writings, it is true, as Professor Howard Kainz (1996) affirms, that there are "thousands of triads" in Hegel's writings.  Some copies contained either "Science of the Experience of Consciousness", or "Science of the Phenomenology of Spirit" as a subtitle between the "Preface" and the "Introduction".  This is frequently compared to Charles Darwin's evolutionary theory. Encyclopedia of the Philosophical Sciences, The Crisis of European Sciences and Transcendental Phenomenology, "Hegel's "Phenomenology" and Postmodern Thought", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=The_Phenomenology_of_Spirit&oldid=991252649, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "Introduction", "The Phenomenology of Spirit", translated by Kenley R. Dove, in, "Sense-Certainty", Chapter I, "The Phenomenology of Spirit", translated by Kenley R. Dove, "The Philosophical Forum", Vol. Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit.  Kaufmann also remarks that the very table of contents of the Phenomenology may be said to 'mirror confusion' and that "faults are so easy to find in it that it is not worth while to adduce heaps of them." Hegel used two different sets of terms for his triads, namely, abstract–negative–concrete (especially in his Phenomenology of 1807), as well as, immediate–mediate–concrete (especially in his Science of Logic of 1812), depending on the scope of his argumentation. G. W. F. Hegel's first masterpiece, the Phenomenology of Spirit, is one of the great works of philosophy. Electronic versions of the English translation of Hegel's Phenomenology of Mind are available at: Detailed audio commentary by an academic: 1807 book by Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Identities, differences and arguments logically expressed, sfn error: no target: CITEREFDunnIrwin2014 (, 'Time' and 'Space' are absolutely key concepts here. £12.09. Hegel attempts to trace all of the steps that consciousness must go through—Consciousness, Self-Consciousness, Reason, Spirit, and Religion—before it can arrive at the point of fully adequate knowledge (Absolute Knowledge). See Ch.VI.A. Thus, what consciousness really does is to modify its "object" to conform to its knowledge. A second muddling complication is that Hegel authorized Eduard Gans (1837) and Karl Regel (1840) to lecture from his 1822/23 and 1830/31 editions (from the "Einleitung" to Hoffmeister's translation). At the end of the process, when the object has been fully "spiritualized" by successive cycles of consciousness' experience, consciousness will fully know the object and at the same time fully recognize that the object is none other than itself. However, he excuses Hegel since he understands that the author of the Phenomenology "finished the book under an immense strain"..  Tandem to this is the "opportunity to get rid of certain habits of thought which impede philosophical cognition". Hegel’s Introduction to the System finally makes it possible for the modern reader to approach the philosopher’s work as he himself sug-gested. How bad is Miller’s translation? /r/askphilosophy aims to provide serious, well-researched answers to philosophical questions. In it, Hegel proposed an arresting and novel picture of the relation of mind to world and of people to each other. A third new translation of Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit is in preparation for publication by the University of Notre Dame Press. What one does find on looking at the table of contents is a very decided preference for triadic arrangements. The A.V. The Preface to Hegel’s first major work, the Phenomenology of Spirit, lays the groundwork for all his other writing by explaining what is most innovative about Hegel’s philosophy. A third new translation of Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit is in preparation for publication by the University of Notre Dame Press. If consciousness just pays attention to what is actually present in itself and its relation to its objects, it will see that what looks like stable and fixed forms dissolve into a dialectical movement. To resolve this paradox, Hegel adopts a method whereby the knowing that is characteristic of a particular stage of consciousness is evaluated using the criterion presupposed by consciousness itself. Hegel's most important, most widely discussed philosophical work. If you'd prefer to have or to consult that version, you have several options.  This is explicated through a necessary self-origination and dissolution of "the various shapes of spirit as stations on the way through which spirit becomes pure knowledge". About half way through this nearly 600-page book, I thought to myself, "There is no way that I am going to be able to finish reading this!" If one wanted to seriously read the Phenomenology, I'd probably recommend comparing both translations. It had a profound effect in Western philosophy, and "has been praised and blamed for the development of existentialism, communism, fascism, death of God theology, and historicist nihilism".. Michael Inwood presents this central work to the modern reader in an intelligible and accurate new translation. Posted by 6 years ago. Perhaps one of the most revolutionary works of philosophy ever presented, The Phenomenology of Spirit is Hegel's 1807 work that is in numerous ways extraordinary. , Walter Kaufmann, on the question of organisation argued that Hegel's arrangement "over half a century before Darwin published his Origin of Species and impressed the idea of evolution on almost everybody's mind, was developmental. It remains, however, one of the most challenging and mysterious books ever written. Press J to jump to the feed. There are currently three English translations available, by: Terry Pinkard (Cambridge, 2018); This was not always the case. Lectures on the Philosophy of History, also translated as Lectures on the Philosophy of World History (LPH; German: Vorlesungen über die Philosophie der Weltgeschichte, VPW), is a major work by Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770–1831), originally given as lectures at the University of Berlin in 1822, 1828, and 1830. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. His major works--the translation, his commentary, and Logique et existence (1953)--coincided with an upsurge of interest in Hegel following World War II. For example, the notion of Pure Being for Hegel was the most abstract concept of all. Hegel Dr. and Professor of Philosophy in Jena, Member of the Ducal Mineralogical Society, Assessor to the Society and Member of other learned societies _____ First Part The Phenomenology of Spirit _____ Bamberg and Würzburg, Joseph Anton Goebhardt 1807 E.S. 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