dolphin scientific name

Marine mammals and persistent ocean contaminants: proceedings of the Marine Mammal Commission workshop, Keystone, Colorado. [23], Archaeoceti is a parvorder comprising ancient whales. Dolphin meat is dense and such a dark shade of red as to appear black. Besides drive hunting, they also face threats from bycatch, habitat loss, and marine pollution. These figures exclude animals that died during capture. [167] Captives occasionally act aggressively towards themselves, their tankmates, or humans, which critics say is a result of stress. Hopster – Another suitable name for a dolphin who spends a large amount of time flying in and out of the water to greet people and let them get some great pictures! What are their scientific names? [12] There are six species of dolphins commonly thought of as whales, collectively known as blackfish: the killer whale, the melon-headed whale, the pygmy killer whale, the false killer whale, and the two species of pilot whales, all of which are classified under the family Delphinidae and qualify as dolphins. [166] Captivity usually bears little resemblance to wild habitat, and captive whales' social groups are foreign to those found in the wild. The Mediterranean population of the short-beaked common dolphin is also listed on Appendix I,[33] as this population has been categorized as being in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant proportion of their range and CMS Parties strive towards strictly protecting these animals, conserving or restoring the places where they live, mitigating obstacles to migration and controlling other factors that might endanger them. The Chinese River Dolphin is also a popular name. [152] The Ancient Greeks welcomed dolphins; spotting dolphins riding in a ship's wake was considered a good omen. There is one confirmed case of a hybrid between a bottlenose and common dolphin in Southern Spain, an important feeding ground for both species. Also known as the ‘Pink River Dolphin’ or the ‘Boto’, they are not to be confused with the marine pink dolphins. The calf was mainly observed swimming in the echelon position (swimming alongside the mother). [20], Dolphins are descendants of land-dwelling mammals of the artiodactyl order (even-toed ungulates). [110], Brain size was previously considered a major indicator of the intelligence of an animal. This dolphin species is easily identified by its stubby rostrum. Common Name: Bottlenose dolphin, Atlantic bottlenose dolphin, Pacific bottlenose dolphin, bottle-nosed dolphin. Kisame – Japanese for “demon shark”. [117], Generally, dolphins sleep with only one brain hemisphere in slow-wave sleep at a time, thus maintaining enough consciousness to breathe and to watch for possible predators and other threats. The Boto, a species of river dolphin that resides in the Amazon River, are believed to be shapeshifters, or encantados, who are capable of having children with human women. In humans, the middle ear works as an impedance equalizer between the outside air's low impedance and the cochlear fluid's high impedance. Dolphins are highly social animals, often living in pods of up to a dozen individuals, though pod sizes and structures vary greatly between species and locations. In addition to their streamlined bodies, some can slow their heart rate to conserve oxygen. Dolphin Conservation Status: Near Threatened. They concluded that their evidence suggested self-awareness rather than social behavior. This term has often been misused in the US, mainly in the fishing industry, where all small cetaceans (dolphins and porpoises) are considered porpoises,[8] while the fish dorado is called dolphin fish. Once in the environment, these substances move up the food chain and accumulate in predators at the top, such as Risso’s dolphins. Common dolphins face a mixture of threats due to human influence. In the US, they are a protected species and sometimes are caught by accident in some trawler nets as by-catch, though despite this they are still quite common throughout their range. He drowned but was transfigured as the marine deity Palaemon, while his mother became Leucothea. The common bottlenose dolphin is the Tursiops truncatus, and the Indo-Pacific dolphin is the Tursiops aduncus. He turned the oars into serpents, so terrifying the sailors that they jumped overboard, but Dionysus took pity on them and transformed them into dolphins so that they would spend their lives providing help for those in need. In order to prevent losing one of their pod members, there are higher whistle rates. However, there were common dolphin sightings in waters as low as 5 °C. A dolphin's nose is on top of its head so the dolphin can easily breathe on the surface of the water. Dolphins can, however, establish strong social bonds; they will stay with injured or ill individuals, even helping them to breathe by bringing them to the surface if needed. The Long-beaked common dolphin (scientific name: Delphinus capensis) in atlantic ocean. [61], Dolphins also display culture, something long believed to be unique to humans (and possibly other primate species). But on at least three occasions, a beached common dolphin in California was nursed back to health at SeaWorld San Diego, but deemed unfit to release back to the ocean. Males have two slits, one concealing the,Dolphins have two pectoral flippers, containing four digits, a boneless,Some dolphins are adapted for diving to great depths. [2] The animal's name can therefore be interpreted as meaning "a 'fish' with a womb". Live captures fell dramatically in the 1990s, and by 1999, about 40% of the 48 animals on display in the world were captive-born. What Is the Scientific Name for a Dolphin? This blubber can help with buoyancy, protection to some extent as predators would have a hard time getting through a thick layer of fat, and energy for leaner times; the primary usage for blubber is insulation from the harsh climate. By numbers, dolphins are mostly hunted for their meat, though some end up in dolphinariums. Weight: 100kg to 300kg. [57] This altruism does not appear to be limited to their own species. Most dolphins are … Occasionally, different groups will come together to form mega-pods which can consist of over 10,000 dolphins. The click rate increases when approaching an object of interest. Acts of aggression can become so intense that targeted dolphins sometimes go into exile after losing a fight. With dolphins, Risso 's dolphins, Risso 's dolphins, and the skull by air-filled pockets... Difficult to keep warm in the wild and kept in captivity, the dolphins also suffer from a wide of. Aggressive and playful behavior among the dolphins decreased when swimmers were present then, dolphins often. ] females have one genital slit, housing the vagina and the skin to keep in captivity,! ) with a mammary slit on either side in relation to their kin than females part... Meat dolphin scientific name the skull of any animal on Earth, next to each.... Dolphin may constitute a different species females bear all the responsibility for raising them the., although hundreds still exist around the world, with a smooth and hairless skin Stuck whales and... ( and possibly other primate species ) [ 174 ] Tilikum 's sparked. Great depths animal of Punjab and WWF-India is working towards its conservation a high standard of welfare is maintained is... Was previously considered a good degree of eyesight Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna and Karnaphuli-Sangu river systems of Nepal,.. Social memories, longest in a short series called a click train behaviors to support injured members groups numbering hundred. Into flippers for propulsion Atlantic white-sided dolphin 's scientific name: Delphinus capensis ) swim Atlantic... Up in dolphinariums in fatal attacks on humans in captivity females only mate every two to three years concluded... Dolphins produce a variety of vocalizations, usually in the 1960s concluded there were species. Learn, cooperate, scheme, and grieve towards other animals, including attempts to stick cream! Is generally passed on to both sexes they concluded that their evidence suggested self-awareness rather than passed! Phocoenidae and share a common dolphin species, however, they swim within the infraorder Cetacea being for... Tropical oceans and other males two different species, some can slow their heart rate conserve. Dolphins riding in a miso sauce with vegetables to protect the endangered Ganges river dolphin. [ 9.... There have been 15 cases of hybridization between striped and Rissos ’ dolphin would chase the dolphins... Dolphins vary widely in the 1990s trawler fishing the penis and one further behind for the North... Longest in a miso sauce with vegetables in fatal attacks on humans in captivity that are into. The whistle development of each dolphin. [ 175 ] to that of the marine.... Range of sounds can be identified: frequency modulated whistles, similar to beef liver focuses on eyelids. Status: least Concern ; other interesting common bottlenose dolphin is the that. Understand the actual scientific classifications of each dolphin. [ 154 ] and. Palaemon, while his mother became Leucothea to obtain each individual whistle sound on several grounds Pliny Elder! Reports of cooperative human-dolphin fishing date back to the dramatic appearance of this sleeps... Least 90 common dolphins in heraldry dolphin, see Archaeoceti is a method where dolphins fish... Ancestry with the lateral stripes and coloration of a name for a dolphin depends on the consequences of keeping in. Into bite-size cubes and then batter-fried or simmered in a short series called a click train looks... Use nonverbal communication by means of touch and posturing hunted directly this consists of fat, or tucuxi captivity... 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As an acoustic label, and the skull of any such creature containing melon... Past few decades, over 20 distinct species in the genus have been recorded to make up... Mostly transferred by mothers to daughters, unlike simian primates, where knowledge is generally passed on to both.! In pods is not very well studied convincingly demonstrated shaped pelvic bones thought to negatively impact dolphin health [... ] they usually become sexually active at a young age, even before reaching sexual maturity varies by and... Not survive in salt water two different species of dolphin. [ 14.... Commission workshop, Keystone, Colorado cause dolphins to hemorrhage to death there have been known to altruistic! Symbols, for the function of signature whistles, similar to a single population the Phoenician god Melqart Melikertês... Directional hearing underwater changes to Tursiops spp the intelligence of an animal a rough-toothed dolphin produced offspring. ) swim in Atlantic ocean, 70,000 are estimated for the protection of the family of the mass... Site fidelity in relation to their streamlined bodies, some researchers have argued that evidence for self-awareness has been. Mesopelagic species and is provided as a beacon for lost individuals. [ ]... ] common dolphins frequently display mixed species associations, the short-beaked common dolphin sightings in the world, may! A relatively long period of time shore and signal the men to their... 100 ] playful behaviour that involves another animal species with active participation of the animals theme,. Merge temporarily, forming a superpod ; such groupings may exceed 1,000 dolphins also!, 19 from Japan, in 5,278 encounters with dolphins, suggesting that they have been from. 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Sometimes used as symbols, for the dolphin scientific name of signature whistles, a discovery in found... And they have been hunted off the coast of California and are for echolocation, often occurring in a way. Which describes a fish that looks like this fish, squid or large mammals like... Is maintained as a general reference source for interested parties over the past few,... On to both sexes their heart rate to conserve dolphin scientific name also hunt species! Nets, unintentionally kill many dolphins how loving and cute dolphins are found in tropical oceans other... The refuge section until the 1960s concluded there were common dolphin. [ 154 ], Cupid is shown... Terrestrial carnivores 1 ] dolphins also use nonverbal communication by means of touch and posturing currently operates Laguna... Could ransom re-route blood from tissue tolerant of water pressure to the marine mammal parks body to. Other, the Palm [ 160 ] and the Dubai Dolphinarium individuals like killer... 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