revelation 1:20 meaning

Revelation 1:20 The mystery of the seven stars which you saw in my right hand, and the seven golden candlesticks. Matthew Poole's Commentary The mystery of the seven stars, and the seven golden candlesticks: see Revelation 1:12,16. Revelation 1:20 tells us that the “seven golden candlesticks” represent the seven churches. It was for the churches, but was committed to the "angel" as representing the church, and to be communicated to the church under his care. Compare Revelation 2:1, Revelation 2:8,Revelation 2:12, Revelation 2:18; see also similar language in regard to the church in Corinth, 1 Corinthians 1:2; in Antioch, Acts 13:1; at Laodicea, Colossians 4:16; and at Ephesus, Acts 20:28.continued...Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary20. The book of Revelation tells us how the story ends. This chapter contains the prologue of the book, followed by the vision and commission of John. The angels, accordingly, if we are to understand by them single individuals, must be considered as forming the transition from the presbyters of the apostolic age to the Bishops of the second century" ("History of the Apostolic Church"). Reference is also made to the tutelar national angels of Daniel 10:21; Daniel 12:1. The angels are a personification of the churches themselves: the Church being spoken of as if concentrated in its angel or messenger. Revelation 1 is the first chapter of the Book of Revelation or the Apocalypse of John in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.The book is traditionally attributed to John the Apostle, but the precise identity of the author remains a point of academic debate. 3 Blessed is the one who reads aloud the words of this prophecy, and blessed are those who hear it … The mystery of the seven stars which thou sawest. KJ21. 1. 191-199, London edition). Stars symbolize lordship (Nu 24:17; compare Da 12:3, of faithful teachers; Re 8:10; 12:4; Jude 13).angels—not as Alford, from Origen [Homily 13 on Luke, and Homily 20 on Numbers], the guardian angels of the churches, just as individuals have their guardian angels. The expression in Revelation 1:16 is, that they were "in (ἐν en) his right hand"; but the language used here is not decisive as to the position of the stars. These are compared by Daniel (Daniel 12:3) to stars. and these churches also, all but Ephesus, very obscure ones; why not to the churches at Antioch, Corinth, Rome, &c. and it is stranger still, if, as Epiphanius says (w), there was no church at Thyatira till after the writing of these letters: nothing can account for all this but their being prophetic, there being something in the number, names, situation, and case of these churches, which were emblematical of the state of the church in successive periods of time; to which may be added, that the epiphonema at the close of every epistle, "he that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches", shows that each epistle to every church is not designed for that church only, but for churches; and for what churches but for those who are represented in that period of time, since they must be unsuitable to one another? So you hang in limbo as to how the book ends. What does it mean that Jesus will come in the clouds (Revelation 1:7)? 3. Revelation 1:1–20 Prologue. the very grand and illustrious appearance of Christ, antecedent to these epistles, when compared with the appearance of God, previous to the opening of the sealed book, and the seven seals of it, may induce one to conclude, that as the latter introduces the book prophecy in this revelation, so the former introduces the church prophecy; nor does it seem that such a magnificent appearance is necessary to the bare sending of some letters of advice to some particular churches: moreover, as there are some things in these epistles too common to all the churches and ministers to be restrained to some particular ones, such as Christ's affording his presence among them, signified by his walking amidst the candlesticks, and his care of, and respect unto the ministers of the Gospel, expressed by holding seven stars in his right hand; for can it be thought that Christ only granted his presence to the seven churches in Asia? Angels proper Heavenly guardians of the churches. What is said of Christ’s walking in the midst of the golden candlesticks, having the stars in his right hand, &c., agreeth to him with reference to all churches, not to these seven only. They argue from Revelation 1:19, where John is bid to write not only what is, but what shall come to pass. Certain it is, aggelov signifieth no more than is common to all ministers, viz. Revelation 1:20, NASB: "'As for the mystery of the seven stars which you saw in My right hand, and the seven golden lampstands: the seven stars are the angels of the seven churches, and the seven lampstands are the seven churches." The word "angel" properly means a messenger, and is thus applied to celestial beings as messengers sent forth from God to convey or to do his will. 4. This being the common meaning of the word, it may be employed to denote anyone who is a messenger, and hence, with propriety, anyone who is employed to communicate the will of another; to transact his business, or, more remotely, to act in his place - to be a representative. That by the church of Ephesus, was represented the purest state of all the Christian churches, which determined thirty years before this book was written. Let us listen to the voice of Christ, and receive the tokens of his love, for what can he withhold from those for whose sins he has died? This vest was girt with a golden girdle, which may denote how precious are his love and affection for his people. The mystery of the seven stars, and the seven golden candlesticks: The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches; And the seven candlesticks which thou sawest are the seven churches; τὸ μυστήριον τῶν ἑπτὰ ἀστέρων, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. By the advocates of Episcopacy, it has been argued that the use of this term proves that there was a presiding bishop over a circle or group of churches in Ephesus, in Smyrna, etc., since it is said that it cannot be supposed that there was but a single church in a city so large as Ephesus, or in the other cities mentioned. And Daniel must either obey the king’s edict regarding prayer or be thrown into the lion’s den. Geneva Study Bible{14} The mystery of the seven stars which thou sawest in my right hand, and the seven golden candlesticks. The seven stars are the {l} angels of the seven churches: and the seven candlesticks which thou sawest are the seven churches. That is what happens if you read the entire Bible and fail to read the book of Revelation. They argue from the matter of the epistles.—Let the curious reader see more of this in the authors themselves, as also in Mr. Brightman. What does it mean to have left your first love (Revelation 2:4)? He is with his churches always, to the end of the world, filling them with light, and life, and love. REVELATION 1:20. 18 I am hee that liueth, and was dead: and behold, I am aliue for euermore, Amen, and haue the keyes of hell and of death. We will be looking for obvious themes and how to apply them practically rather than speculating over obscure details (e.g., the meaning of “666;” birthplace of the Antichrist, etc.). 19 Write the things which thou hast seene, and the things which are, and the things which shall be hereafter, 20 The mysterie of the seuen starres which thou sawest in my right hand, and the seuen golden Candlestickes. Depending in construction upon the verb write, and in apposition with the things which thou sawest. The apostle was overpowered with the greatness of the lustre and glory in which Christ appeared. (b) There is no evidence that there were any such groups of churches then as constitute an episcopal diocese. What is the Jezebel spirit? (4-8) Declares when, where, and how, the revelation was made to him. The exact meaning of the term here is uncertain. It is generally agreed that the word ‘mystery’ here depends on ‘write,’ and that it is in apposition with the ‘things which thou sawest’ The word denotes what man cannot know by his natural powers, or without the help of Divine revelation. Mystery signifies the hidden truth, veiled under this symbol, and now revealed; its correlative is revelation. His voice as the sound of many waters, may represent the power of his word, to remove or to destroy. "Thy will be done on earth, as it is in heaven!" 1:20 seven stars. Proud member “ The mystery of the seven stars which thou sawest in my right hand, and the seven golden candlesticks. (3) it cannot be proved that the reference is to a prelatical bishop presiding over a group or circle of churches, called a diocese; for:(a) There is nothing in the word "angel," as used in this connection, which would be especially applicable to such a personage - it being as applicable to a pastor of a single church, as to a bishop of many churches. California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. May we then obey his word, and give up ourselves wholly to him who directs all things aright.Barnes' Notes on the BibleThe mystery of the seven stars - On the word "mystery," see notes on Ephesians 1:9. 18:1-3 God Calls His People out of Babylon: Just before probation closes and the seven last plagues are poured out, “another angel” cries “mightily” and “the earth” is “lightened with his glory.” This angel represents a gracious message of salvation. Compare Revelation 2:1, Revelation 2:8,Revelation 2:12, Revelation 2:18; see also similar language in regard to the church in Corinth, 1 Corinthians 1:2; in Antioch, Acts 13:1; at Laodicea, Colossians 4:16; and at Ephesus, Acts 20:28. the mystery … candlesticks—in apposition to, and explaining, "the things which thou hast seen," governed by "Write." What are the keys of death (Revelation 1:18)? 51. Godhead indicates divinity or nature, and a modern translation will translate it that way, usually as "nature"—the nature of God.The word itself in the Greek means "that which is divine," and divine in English means "relating to God," or in this context, His nature.. There has been much diversity of opinion in regard to the meaning of the word "angels" here. The evident meaning, however, is, that what was recorded should be directed to them, not as pertaining to them exclusively as individuals, but as presiding over or representing the churches, for what is recorded pertains to the churches, and was evidently designed to be laid before them. Under this interpretation two views are possible. When disclosed, it may be as clear, and as capable of comprehension, as any other truth. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. There is one observation more to be made, and which runs through all the epistles, and that is, that the names of the several churches, and the titles which Christ assumes in writing to each, as well as the subject matter of the epistles, have respect to the several distinct periods of the church; all which will more clearly appear in the following notes upon them, (w) Contra Haeres. This is urged on the ground that the word is constantly used in Revelation of a heavenly being; by reference to the angels of the little ones (Matthew 18:10), and to Peter's angel (Acts 12:15). Seeing Jesus (Revelation 1:12-20) John tells his audience that he is on Patmos, suffering for the word of God and the testimony of Jesus. But why should the seer be instructed to write to heavenly messengers, with exhortations to repentance and fidelity, and describing them as "rich," "poor," "lukewarm," etc. Who are the Nicolaitans mentioned in Revelation 2:6, 14-15? l. 2. Revelation 1:20, NLT: "This is the meaning of the mystery of the seven stars you saw in my right hand and the seven gold lampstands: The seven stars are the … Christ speaks to the churches both in the singular and plural. (14) That is, the thing which was mystical signified by the particulars of the vision before going. The sense is, that John was to write the mystery of these stars, or the mystical sense of them: and the seven golden candlesticks; the mystery, or mysterious sense of them also; for the words are in a continued connection with Revelation 1:19, and have respect to the following interpretation of them, and to the epistles in the following chapter, which are mystical, and prophetical of the state of the churches in all succeeding ages: the seven stars are the angels of the seven churches; that is, the seven stars which John saw in Christ's right hand, represent the angels, or pastors of the seven churches of Asia, and in them all the pastors and ministers of the churches in all the periods of time until Christ's second coming. 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