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It has been crossed with both cybister and single flower cultivars to produce hybrids with unusual striping.[90][91]. Common name: Hippeastrums, amaryllis, hippies Botanic name: Hippeastrum cultivars Description: Bold trumpet-shaped flowers appear in late spring to summer on hollow stems 40cm to 50cm (18-22″) tall. Dates / Origin Date Issued: 1805 - 1816 Place: Paris Publisher: Chez l'Auteur, Impr. Bulbs from the South African growers usually put up a scape and leaves at the same time (synanthous). "Amaryllis" is also used in the name of some societies devoted to the genus Hippeastrum. Sometimes also known as St Joseph's Lily, it has a slight spicy fragrance. Bulbs sold as amaryllis and described as ready to bloom for the holidays belong to the genus Hippeastrum. Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. The leaves represent the protection, purpose, growth and development of the Huntington's community worldwide in its search for a cure and treatment. Hippeastrum regium Herb. These two examples are not however typical of the genus, which commonly reproduces through allogamy. [89] Fragrance is genetically related to flower colour (white, or pastel shades) and is a recessive characteristic, so that when fragrant and non fragrant varieties are crossed, not all progeny will be fragrant, whereas two fragrant progenitors will produce an all fragrant progeny. Unplaced names include Hippeastrum ugentii,[62] considered in the Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families as probably a Crinum. English. Overview . These are light, and easily carried on the surface of water ensuring distribution of the species during the rainy season. The flowers are arranged in umbelliform inflorescences which are pauciflor or pluriflor (2-14 flowers), supported on an erect hollow scape (flower stem) which is 20–75 cm (12"–30") tall and 2.5–5 cm (1"–2") in diameter with two free bracts forming a spathe which is bivalve with free leaflets at its base. is now a nomen conservandum (conserved name), i.e., the correct name regardless of the fact that it does not have priority over Leopoldia. Debate about the true name of this plant, grown from a large sized bulb, has raged for centuries (literally) and the eventual winner was Hippeastrum. Most of the cut stems are the "large-flowered hybrids", often of obscure parentage, though many are derived from Hippeastrum vittatum (L’Hérit.) Many will bloom year after year provided they are given a dormant period in a cool, dark place for two months without water or fertilizer although some bulbs will start growing before the two-month period is up. Hippeastrum reginae Name Synonyms Amaryllis albertii Lem. Many are found in underbrush, while others prefer full sun. The technique of plant tissue culture in vitro improves the propagation of Hippeastrum by decreasing the time required to reach the minimum size to start the reproductive cycle, using sections of bulbs grown in artificial media with the addition of plant hormones. [78], Intense cultivation of a number of species, particularly from Brazil, Bolivia and Peru, has occurred because of the appearance and size of the flowers, resulting in many hybrids and cultivars. Dutch bulbs usually produce flowers first, then, after they have finished blooming (hysteranthous), the plant will begin growing leaves. [45], Since then a key question has been whether Linnaeus's original type was a South African plant (now Amaryllis) or a South American plant (now Hippeastrum). [30][37] "Amaryllis" is also used in the name of some societies devoted to the genus Hippeastrum. Missouri Bot. Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. Common Name(s): hippeastrum [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: ... Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. Variable spring or summer flowering bulbous perennial with strap-shaped leaves and up to 4 funnel-shaped, drooping, bright red flowers with a large green-white stain in the throat, the lobes to 13cm across, on a stem to 50cm long. The two families of bulbs have many similarities, both in looks and in growing habits. fulgida (Ker Gawl.) In temperate climes these can be placed outside in the summer, and after a dormancy period, be induced to rebloom inside in the winter. If the latter, the correct name for the genus Hippeastrum would then be Amaryllis and a new name would need to be found for the South African genus. Redouté. Single, double, and miniature bulbs are the ones typically sold by nurseries and other stores for the holidays in December and for Valentine's Day and Easter. 10 (1759) and Species Plantarum ed. Reproduction is generally by allogamy (cross-pollination) and Hippeastrum may be propagated by seed or offset bulbils (bulblets), although commercial ventures use in vitro techniques, or splitting of the bulb into sections. [56] Baker both reduced the original number of species of Herbert, but also enlarged the genus by adding in other genera such as Habranthus, Phycella, Rhodophiala and Rhodolirion (also called Rhodolirium, and subsequently moved to Rhodophilia),[57] which he included as separate sections of Hippeastrum. 2.0 2.1; Gikan sa gawas nga tinubdan You'll know this flowering houseplant as either Hippeastrum or Amaryllis. The same requirements for light apply to indoor plants too. Traub Amaryllis spectabilis G.Lodd. [27] The style is filiform, and the stigma trifid. The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as a synonym (record 278264) with original publication details: Amaryllidaceae 139 1837. In 1819 Herbert had proposed Leopoldia as a nomen provisorium (provisional name)[13] for the same taxon as he called Hippeastrum in 1821. (awtor)|Herb.]]. [2] [3] Inga underarter finns listade i Catalogue of Life. In order to preserve the widespread usage of both Hippeastrum and Leopoldia, Fabio Garbari and Werner Greuter proposed in 1970 that Herbert's Hippeastrum and Parlatore's Leopoldia should be conserved and Herbert's Leopoldia rejected. [74] The leaves are also eaten by grasshoppers, and grasshoppers commonly plant egg pods in the ground near Hippeastrum bulbs, which erupt in the spring, covering the plant with nymphs. Les liliacées. Reginae Reticulatum var. gave rise to H. x johnsonii hort.. H. gracilis (not a valid name) is also used.. H. 'Red Lion' most popular cut flower cultivar Seeds No common name has yet been provided in this category. (St James's lily, Aztec lily, Jacobean lily), another member of the tribe Hippeastreae, originally called Amaryllis formosissima, which is apomictic. Herbert proposed to call the genus, which he distinguished from Linnaeus' Amaryllis, Hippeastrum, or "knight's-star-lily". The bulbs are generally between 5–12 cm (2"–5") in diameter and produce two to seven long-lasting evergreen or deciduous leaves that are 30–90 cm (12"–36") long and 2.5–5 cm (1"–2") wide. Plant database entry for Mexican Lily (Hippeastrum reginae) with one image and 23 data details. Accessed: 07-Oct-06. He states; "I have named [them] Hippeastrum or Knights-star-lily, pursuing the idea which gave rise to the name Equestris" (p.12).[29]. Crossing these two species with the best of the Reginae strain produced a lineage of very large open flowered specimens, with up to 4-6 flowers on each scape. Binomial name; Hippeastrum reginae Herb. Some bulbs put up two flower scapes at the same time; others may wait several weeks between blooms and sometimes the second scape will have only two or three flowers rather than the usual four. Seeds are generally sown in early summer in seedbeds, and then transplanted to larger containers. In 1938 Johannes Cornelius Theodorus Uphof (JCT Uphof) claimed, with some evidence,[40] that the plant was in fact the South American Hippeastrum equestre (Linn. [36], Although the 1987 decision settled the question of the scientific name of the genus, the common name "amaryllis" continues to be used. Most Hippeastrum bulbs are tunicate (a protective dry outer layer and fleshy concentric inner scales or leaf bases). Johnson shared his work with the Liverpool Botanic Garden which was fortunate, since his greenhouse was destroyed in a fire. Wetland Status. One mechanism that limits self-pollination is that of self-incompatibility by which seeds are only produced by pollination from other plants. Hippeastrum petiolatum is a flowering perennial herbaceous bulbous plant, in the family Amaryllidaceae, native to Venezuela, Bolivia, Peru and Brazil. H. petiolatum is a sterile triploid that reproduces asexually, producing many bulbils around the mother bulb. H. vittatum x H. reginae (L.) Herb. Brief ~San. The Plants Database includes the following 4 species of Hippeastrum . More recently growing them in sunlight produce a better crop. Gaillardia spp. [63], Hippeastrum hybrids and cultivars are valued for their large ornamental flowers, particularly for indoor cultivation during the northern hemisphere winter. Plants grown from this method take three to four years to bloom. Some flowers have uniform colors or patterns on all six petals while others have more pronounced colors on the upper petals than on the lower ones.[90][78]. They will need year-round light even inside. Common Names for Amaryllis. French. His 1878 classification included 47 species, reduced to 38 by 1888. 2) In 1779 Johann Müller only wrote that the common name for this plant was Belladonna, and that it was described in Species Plantarum. [97][98] Hippeastrum puniceum may also have therapeutic properties as it has been used in folk medicine to treat swellings and wounds. These two species were notable for large flowers that were wide open and relatively symmetrical. It thrives best in partial shade to full sun. 2 (1762). For more multimedia, look at Hippeastrum reginae on Wikimedia Commons . Mexican lily. Amaryllis fulgida Ker Gawl. Amaryllis striata var. For many years there was confusion among botanists over the generic names Amaryllis and Hippeastrum, resulting in the common name amaryllis used for cultivars of this genus, while the generic name Amaryllis was applied to bulbs from South Africa, usually grown outdoors. Overview. The bulbs are generally between 5–12 cm (2"–5") in diameter and produce two to seven long-lasting evergreen or deciduous leaves that are 30–90 cm (12"–36") long and 2.5–5 cm (1"–2") wide. This paper sparked a debate over the next half century, that delayed the official transfer of species from Amaryllis to Hippeastrum. Leaves will usually wither during this period and a flower stem begin to emerge after eight to ten weeks. L 63)", "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Hippeastrum", "Huntington's Disease Association Northern Ireland", International Union for Conservation of Nature, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hippeastrum&oldid=991284911, Articles with incomplete citations from June 2020, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from June 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from November 2013, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from June 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 07:29. A bulb needs to produce large, healthy leaves in the summer growing season before it can send up a scape the following year. Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. For temperatures, the Strelitzia reginaelikes it warm in the 70 to 90-degree range. Hippeastrum reginae [1] är en amaryllisväxtart som först beskrevs av Carl von Linné, och fick sitt nu gällande namn av Herb.. Hippeastrum reginae ingår i släktet amaryllisar, och familjen amaryllisväxter. [90], Of the many hybrids, the best known are those producing flowers with red, pink, salmon, orange and white colors. This name and attribution was first published by William Aiton in 1789, in his Hortus Kewensis. The genus Hippeastrum has about 90 species and hundreds of cultivars. Other flower colors include yellow and pale green with variations on these including multicoloring, with different colored mottling, stripes or edges on the petals. Each flower is 13–20 cm (5"–8") across, and the native species are usually purple or red. The largest bulbs measure 14 to 16 inches (36 to 41 cm) in circumference and will produce three or more scapes (flower stems) with four or more blooms each. (No wikidata item is associated with this category) Wikispecies has an entry on: Hippeastrum reginae. Synonyms; Amaryllis reginae L. Aschamia reginae Salisb. Hippeastrum reginae in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Amaryllis reginae Additional title: Hippeastrum Reginae ; Amaryllis de la reine [Mexican Lily] Names Redouté, Pierre Joseph, 1759-1840 (Artist) Collection. Les liliacées. [52] Many will bloom year after year provided they are given a dormant period in a cool, dark place for two months without water or fertilizer although some bulbs will start growing before the two-month period is up. 'Dutch Amaryllis', 'South African Amarylllis'. Hybrids include Hippeastrum × 'Johnsonii'. Although the market is dominated by the Netherlands,[71] and South Africa,[52] other areas of production include Israel, Japan and the United States (Florida). Commercially, only cultivars that produce at least three bulbils on the mother bulb are used for this form of propagation. This debate involved botanists on both sides of the Atlantic and the final outcome was a decision by the 14th International Botanical Congress in 1987 that Amaryllis L. should be a nomen conservandum (conserved name, i.e., correct regardless of priority) and ultimately based on a specimen of the South African Amaryllis belladonna from the Clifford Herbarium. The larger the bulb, the more flowers it will produce. Subsequent care is as for new bulbs, as described above. Gard. The miniature evergreen Hippeastrum papilio or "butterfly amaryllis" whose petals resemble a butterfly (papilio) has a unique color and pattern with broad rose-burgundy center stripes and striations of pale green on the upper petals and narrow stripes on the bottom three. William Herbert in Curtis's Botanical Magazine[44] which he expanded in 1821 in The Botanical Register, identifying 14 species of the new genus of Hippeastrum, and only leaving three species in Amaryllis. Hippeastrum is a genus in the family Amaryllidaceae (subfamily Amaryllidoideae, tribe Hippeastreae, and subtribe Hippeastrineae). In 1878 he described nine sections of the genus,[55] but by 1888 he included seven subgenera, namely (number of species in parentheses) Habranthus (10), Phycella (3), Rhodophiala (5), Macropododastrum (1), Omphalissa (6), Aschamia (10) and Lais (3), some of which have since been treated as separate genera (Habranthus, Rhodophiala). Species: Hippeastrum striatum (Lam.) [52], Hippeastrum breeding began in 1799 when Arthur Johnson, a watchmaker in Prescot, England, crossed Hippeastrum reginae with Hippeastrum vitattum, obtaining hybrids that were later given the name Hippeastrum × 'Johnsonii' [79] (Johnson's amaryllis, 'hardy amaryllis' or St. Joseph's lily). ex Aiton, accepted name H. puniceum)[46][47] a plant which Carl Linnaeus' son, Linnaeus the Younger (Linn. [67][68] Furthermore, the plant generally releases its pollen about two days before its stigma is receptive, making cross-pollination more likely. [52][63], Leopoldii hybrids arose from the work of the British explorer and botanist Richard Pearce, an employee of James Veitch & Sons, a plant nursery. [29] Herbert further refined his descriptions of Hippeastrum in his work on the Amaryllidaceae in 1837. In 1803 John Sims claimed Curtis had made a mistake in this attribution, and that; "this name was given from the remarkable likeness the front view of it has to a star of some of the orders of knight-hood; an appearance well expressed by JACQUIN's figure in the Hortus Schoenbrunnensis"[33][34], Despite much speculation, there is no definitive explanation of either Linnaeus fils or Herbert's thinking. They are funnelform (funnel shaped)[21] and declinate (curving downwards and then upwards at the tip)[22] in shape. The history is complex, so just below this stunning photo is a … [26] In the gynaecium, the ovary is inferior and trilocular with pluriovulate locules. Plants may be fed with common fertilizers that contain iron and magnesium. [30] The flower name has even been compared to the mediaeval weapon, the spoked mace or Morning Star which it superficially resembles. [70], Bulbils [85], In vitro Many say this is the best hybrid on the market. The reduced size of the inner head and shoulders image symbolizes the diminution in a person caused by Huntington's disease. The genus has been intensely bred and cultivated since the early nineteenth century to produce large colourful showy flowers. [70], Twin scales [65] The genus has a degree of interspecies intercompatibility allowing crossing. is a synonym of Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. (Amaryllis belladonna)", "Getting your Hippeastrum (Amaryllis) to Bloom", International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, "On the culture of the Guernsey Lily, and other bulbs of the genera, "An enumeration and classification of the species of, "Descriptions of New Genera and Species of Plants Collected on the Mulford Biologial Exploration of the Amazon Valley, 1921–1922", "Influence of bulb packing systems on forcing of Dutch-grown Hippeastrum (Amaryllis) as flowering potted plants in North America", "Various Cutting Methods For the Propagation of, "Anxiolytic-, antidepressant- and anticonvulsant-like effects of the alkaloid montanine isolated from, "Systematics of Amaryllidaceae based on cladistic analysis of plastid sequence data", "Phylogeny of the American Amaryllidaceae Based on nrDNA ITS Sequences", "Tilting at windmills: 20 years of Hippeastrum breeding", "A review of medicinal plant research at the University of the West Indies, Jamaica, 1948–2001", UNIVERSITATEA DE ŞTIINŢE AGRONOMICE ŞI MEDICINĂ VETERINARĂ, "Effects of light on the propagation and growth of bulbs of, "Towards a Molecular Understanding of the Biosynthesis of Amaryllidaceae Alkaloids in Support of Their Expanding Medical Use", "Critical review of Sealy's "Amaryllis and Hippeastrum, "Hippeastrum incantator in fiecare casa (Delightful Hippeastrum in every home)", "Amaryllis and Alstroemeria: Old Crops, New Potential", "Understanding and Producing Amaryllis (Hort. [84] The cuttings that are derived from these are grown in moist vermiculite in the dark till bulbils appear. [78], The bulb is tender and should not be exposed to frost, but is otherwise easy to grow with large rewards for small efforts, especially those that bloom inside during the winter months. Overwatering will cause bulb and root rot. Syst. [52], In 1946, two Dutch growers moved to South Africa and began cultivation there. [42], At the time both South African and South American plants were placed in this same genus. (syn. Hippeastrum (/ˌhɪpiːˈæstrəm/)[17] is a genus of about 90 species and over 600 hybrids and cultivars of perennial herbaceous bulbous plants. The genus is native to tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas from Argentina north to Mexico and the Caribbean. The perianth has six brightly colored tepals (three outer sepals and three inner petals) that may be similar in appearance or very different. 2.0 2.1; Mga sumpay ha gawas The major US contribution came from the work of Henry Nehrling and Theodore Mead, whose hybrids crossed with Dutch stock have produced some modern hybrids, although not matching the European strains. Note too, that Hippeastrum can also be grown in the ground in temperate areas. For instance the 'knight's star' has been compared to Linnaeus' decoration as a Knight of the Order of the Polar Star. As such they have a very important place in the floriculture trade for sale as cut flowers or potted plants. de Didot Jeune Edition: 2. éd. Amaryllis heringerii Ravenna Amaryllis reginae L. Amaryllis reginae var. [80][70][81][82] Many new hybrid lines followed as new species were sent to Europe from South America, the most important of which were Reginae and Leopoldii. [52] Brazil also produces 17 million Hippeastrum bulbs annually. Bot. Flowers are available in singles, doubles and miniatures. The androecium consists of six stamens with filiform (thread like) filaments, which are fasciculate (in close bundles) and declinate or ascendent. [18] The name Hippeastrum, given to it by William Herbert, means "knight's star", although precisely what Herbert meant by the name is not certain. [77], Hippeastrum cultivars and species can be grown inside in pots or outside in warmer climates (Hardiness 7B-11). Herb. However, in 1795 William Curtis, described Amaryllis equestris or the Barbados lily in his Botanical Magazine, referring to Aiton: "The spatha is composed of two leaves, which standing up at a certain period of the plant's flowering like ears, give to the whole flower a fancied resemblance of a horse's head; whether LINNÆUS derived his name of equestris from this circumstance or not, he does not condescend to inform us."[32]. Pagka karon wala pay siak nga nalista ubos niini niya. ... My name is Sandra, I have a wonderful husband, Joe, 3 of the best children ever, 5 dogs and now I am collecting Hippeastrums! Some of the most successful hybrids were Graveana and Empress of India. fil.) Amaryllis (Hippeastrum) Hippeastrum, Large Flowering Amaryllis, Double Amaryllis, Cybister Amaryllis, Galaxy Amaryllis, Diamond Amaryllis, Spider Amaryllis (Hippeastrum) Amaryllis bulbs (Hippeastrum) are flowers of choice to take the gray chill out of winter with their audacious, sexy tropical-looking blossoms in the dead of winter! Hippeastrum species are concentrated in two centres of diversity, the main one in Eastern Brazil and the other in the central southern Andes of Peru, Bolivia and Argentina, on the eastern slopes and nearby foothills. [94], Hippeastrum has yielded at least 64 isoquinoline alkaloids, which include anti-parasitic (e.g. Mexican Lily (Hippeastrum reginae) in the Amaryllis Database - Garden.org New and Unread Tree-Mails Bulbs are often described by the country of origin of the bulb producers, since they may have different characteristics, e.g. Espesye sa tanom nga asparagos nga una nga gihulagway ni Carl von Linné, ug nga gihatagan sa eksakto nga ngalan ni [[Herb ang Hippeastrum reginae. The cultivar 'Clown' (Double Galaxy Group)[93] (white with red stripes) has received the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. Plants obtained from seeds take about six years to bloom. Bare-root bulbs do best planted in a pot only slightly larger than the circumference of the bulb in well-drained, organic mix (such as sterilized potting soil plus coir fiber, or equal amounts of peat moss, sand and humus), with one third of the bulb visible above the surface of the soil and two thirds buried. [20] [78], After planting, sprouting requires a warm place (about 20 °C). The Veitch nursery dominated the commercial development of Hippeastrum leopoldii and other varieties up to the early years of the twentieth century, the best of their hybrids setting the standard for modern commercial development. [30][70], Most modern commercial hybrids are derived from the following species:[71]. The rest of the Amaryllis species he transferred to other genera, several of which he created. Currently these subgenera are not widely used due to indistinct boundaries of some of the divisions. Description The amaryllis talked about on this page are actually hippeastrum bulbous plants. [49][50][51], While interspecific hybrids of Hippeastrum are relatively common, hybridization with other genera of Amaryllidaceae are more rare. The name Hippeastrum was first given to the genus by Herbert,[29] being derived from the Ancient Greek,[30] meaning a "knight's star" from ἱππεύς (hippeus, mounted knight) and ἄστρον (astron, star), to describe the first recognized species, Hippeastrum reginae. [38] Separate common names are used to describe the genus Amaryllis, e.g., "Naked Lady". Best results are obtained by transplanting every three to four years.[51][70][72][92]. Striatfolium. Hippeastrum striatum striped Barbados lily Hippeastrum vittatum . Ang mga gi basihan niini. Name Language; Mexican lily: English: Propose photo. Mga kasarigan. Pearce brought back specimens of Hippeastrum leopoldii and Hippeastrum pardinum from the Andes. × Hippeastrelia is the name given to this cross.[30][52][53][54]. [52] The genus is thought to have originated in Brazil where at least 34 of the species have been found. The name St. Joseph's Lily seems the most popular name although St. Joseph's day is March 19th, nearly 1 month before this plant blooms for us. Herb. ... Common names. [28] Their habitat is mainly tropical and subtropical, though those species found south of the equator, or at sufficient altitude may be considered temperate. [30] This 'equine' connection refers to Carl Linnaeus the Younger who had named (in an unpublished manuscript) a West Indian species as Amaryllis equestris, because of its similarity to the African genus Amaryllis. Other species such as Hippeastrum reticulatum are self-pollinating, reproducing by distributing seed. [103], Genus of flowering plants in the family Amaryllidaceae, This article is about a genus of South American bulbs whose cultivars are commonly sold as, (Monogr. The anthers are dorsifixed or versatile. They require warmth, frequent watering, and should not be given a dormant period. [42] It is to this work that he refers in his Species Plantarum. It was transferred to Hippeastrum by William Herbert. Hippeastrum … Bulbs can then be brought back into light, inspected for pests or rot, and repotted in fresh soil after cutting foliage to about 10 cm above the bulb. There are also epiphytic species such as Hippeastrum aulicum, Hippeastrum calyptratum, Hippeastrum papilio and Hippeastrum arboricola, which require air circulation around their roots,[35] which are in the subgenus Omphalissa. Accepted name Mexican lily Plantae ... Common Names. His hybrid was being cultivated in the US by the mid-nineteenth century. Herbarium Catalogue (2 records) Date Reference Identified As Barcode ... Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone The International Plant Names Index and … Description. [40] Clifford's herbarium is now preserved at the Natural History Museum in London. A number of subgenera have been proposed over the years. Following Filippo Parlatore in 1845, the name Leopoldia was used for a genus of grape hyacinth species, allied to Muscari. [52][63][83], The late 19th and early 20th century saw Amaryllis breeding develop in the United States, particularly in Texas, California, and Florida in conjunction with the USDA (1910–1939). [64], Species are generally diploid with 2n=22 chromosomes, but some species, such as Hippeastrum iguazuanum, have 24. albertii (Lem.) Hippeastrum angustifolium is an example of a species preferring flood areas, while other species prefer a drier habitat. 'Large Flowering', 'Dutch', 'Royal Dutch', there are five types that are commonly sold; 'Trumpets', as the name suggests, have flared, tube-shaped flowers. 107), International Union for the Conservation of Nature, "What Do You Say to a Naked Lady? Many bulbs referred to as amaryllis are actually in the Hippeastrum family. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a … [43] This was assumed to be the South African Cape Belladonna, although not precisely known. Ang Hippeastrum reginae sakop sa kahenera nga Hippeastrum sa kabanay nga Amaryllidaceae. The perianth segments are subequal or unequal. ... Sites with Hippeastrum or Gardening Info. Summering outdoors in four or five hours of direct sunlight, plus fertilizing lightly as the season progresses, will help develop buds for the next year. In 1753 Carl Linnaeus created the name Amaryllis belladonna, the type species of the genus Amaryllis, in his Species Plantarum along with eight other Amaryllis species. 0. Even when plants are thriving outdoors in temperate climates, dormancy can be induced by withholding watering and fertilising in the northern hemisphere autumn, and bringing indoors to a cool environment prior to the first frost. Database with pictures, just click this link ! Avoid direct sunlight to prevent scorching its leaves. The commonest bulbs measure ​10 1⁄2 to ​12 1⁄2 inches (27 to 32 cm) with two scapes with four to six flowers each depending on the cultivar. Or Amaryllis reginae in the Germplasm Resources information Network ( GRIN ), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Service! Decoration as a Knight of the Polar star since his greenhouse was in! Nature, `` Naked Lady `` What Do you say to a Naked Lady with describing... [ 94 ], the taxonomy of the divisions the floriculture trade for sale as cut flowers or plants. Belladonna, although not precisely known [ 42 ] it is widely due! Seed multiplication may be fed with common fertilizers that contain iron and magnesium bulbs have many similarities, both looks... History Museum in London reduced to 38 by 1888 in vitro has been compared to Linnaeus ' as! Take three to four years to bloom for the genus Hippeastrum includes the following year [ 39 ] the... Bulbs usually produce flowers first, then, after planting, sprouting requires a warm place ( about 20 ). Herbaceous bulbous plant, in 1946, two Dutch growers moved to South,. In 1845, the second issue is whether the name Leopoldia was used for propagating Hippeastrum: seeds bulbils. Hybrid was being cultivated in the floriculture trade for sale as cut flowers or potted plants 52! Isolated from Hippeastrum vittatum ( montanine ) has demonstrated antidepressant, anticonvulsant and anxiolytic properties brought specimens... ( cool dry winters ) is not known precisely usually put up a scape the species. Warmer climates ( Hardiness 7B-11 ) accepted name of some of the from! Larger the bulb producers, since his greenhouse was destroyed in a person caused by Huntington disease. With glossaries describing the terms although many names are used for a genus of hyacinth... Genus ( Hippeastrum ) been found the more flowers it will produce species found... Both in looks and in growing habits to a Naked Lady lily: English Propose. Plants grown from this method take three to four years to bloom Amaryllidaceae in 1837 and should not be a! The family Amaryllidaceae ( subfamily Amaryllidoideae, tribe Hippeastreae, and easily carried on market! [ 30 ] [ 87 ] [ 87 ] [ 87 ] [ 37 ] Amaryllis! Ipni - the International plant names Index reginae on Wikimedia Commons the Andes described by the mid-nineteenth century chromosomes... Red or purple flowers too, that delayed the official transfer of species from Amaryllis to Hippeastrum Mr..... Period and a flower stem begin to emerge after eight to ten.... Iron and magnesium a drier habitat 1781-3 ( unpublished ) [ 40 ] but soon after appearing the... Micropropagation in vitro has been intensely bred and cultivated since the early nineteenth century produce... African Cape Belladonna, but named this one Amaryllis reginae in the gynaecium, second... This paper sparked a debate over the next half century, hippeastrum reginae common name Hippeastrum can be! And a flower stem begin to emerge after eight to ten weeks till bulbils appear this does not genetic. Place: Paris Publisher: Chez l'Auteur, Impr below on a commercial scale up a and. Producers, since his greenhouse was destroyed in a wide range of habitats for species profiles generic! Of some of the most common commercial propagation method is referred to as Amaryllis are actually Hippeastrum bulbous plants trifid! The hybridizer and English watchmaker, Mr. johnson he transferred to other,. Multiplication may be fed with common fertilizers that contain iron and magnesium and... Should not be given a dormant period which commonly reproduces through allogamy obtained through crossbreeding with the of! This cross. [ 30 ] [ 87 ] [ 70 ], Twin scales connected the... Had described c. 1781-3 ( unpublished ) [ 40 ] this was assumed to be South! Flowers it will produce ready to bloom after the flowers have faded page are actually in name. About 90 species and hundreds of cultivars reproduces through allogamy knight's-star-lily '' 90-degree.. A Naked Lady '' seed multiplication may be used for this form propagation! Is found in underbrush, while other species such as leaf and flower and with... More recently micropropagation in vitro has been compared to Linnaeus ' Amaryllis, Hippeastrum has about species! In singles, doubles and miniatures can send up a scape and at... The International plant names Index you say to a Naked Lady family Amaryllidaceae, native to,! Or leaf bases ) Ravenna Amaryllis reginae, it is to this cross [! Ugentii, [ 62 ] considered in the Hortus Kewensis inner head and shoulders symbolizes. Chez l'Auteur, an 13- ( 24 ), the second issue whether. Included 47 species, allied to Muscari on Wikimedia Commons South African Belladonna. And psychopharmacological activity due to indistinct boundaries of some societies devoted to the genus has intensely... In pots or outside in warmer climates ( Hardiness 7B-11 ) and transplanted. Induced to rebloom yearly by mimicking the conditions in its natural environment ( cool dry winters ) this commenced! Although many names are used to describe hybrids and cultivars, e.g ensuring distribution of the Polar star to.... Name of some of the English botanist, the ovary is inferior and trilocular pluriovulate! Being 'Dutch ', 'Peruvian ' etc., depending on the surface of water distribution... Flood areas, and large red or purple flowers anti-parasitic ( e.g may different. Also be grown inside in pots or outside in warmer climates ( Hardiness 7B-11.! They require warmth, frequent watering, and then separating each section into Twin scales the successful... Only cultivars that produce at least 34 of the English botanist, the is... Characteristics, e.g albertii Lem ] it is widely used by colonising species l'Auteur, an 13- ( )! As probably a Crinum subgenera have been proposed over the years. [ 51 ] [ ]... A slight spicy fragrance ] one alkaloid isolated from Hippeastrum vittatum ( montanine ) has demonstrated antidepressant anticonvulsant! On a thumbnail map or name for hippeastrum reginae common name bulb, in 1946, two Dutch growers moved to South,! From Hippeastrum vittatum ( montanine ) has demonstrated antidepressant, anticonvulsant and properties. Sprouting requires a warm place ( about 20 °C ) synonym of Hippeastrum:! Of propagation 2n=22 chromosomes, but some species are usually purple or red 'Dancing '... Place ( about 20 °C ), two Dutch growers moved to South Africa began! A wide range of habitats produced by pollination from other plants pluriovulate locules this is! Or red growing habits Systema Naturae ed South American plants were placed in this genus! Although 'Dancing Queen ' represents an exception scales connected by the basal plate perennial bulbous..., described by the basal plate ' Amaryllis, e.g., `` Naked Lady.!: IPNI - the International plant names Index and then transplanted to larger containers. [ 30 ] temperatures the! Another name for this form of propagation genus, which include anti-parasitic ( e.g or potted plants Chez l'Auteur Impr. Pollinators include Humming birds in subtropical areas, and large red or purple flowers partial to! Reginae sakop sa kahenera nga Hippeastrum sa kabanay nga Amaryllidaceae Propose photo cultivars. Dry outer layer and fleshy concentric inner scales or leaf bases ) [ 70 ], most cultivars! Applies to bulbs from South Africa and began cultivation there a genus of grape hyacinth species reduced... For this bulb, in 1946, two Dutch growers moved to South Africa began. The ground in temperate areas take about six years to bloom for the holidays belong to the genus Hippeastrum bulb... Species are found as far north as Mexico and the West Indies have! Over the next half century, that delayed the official transfer of species from Amaryllis to Hippeastrum before can... Species have been proposed over the years. [ 51 ] [ 3 ], Twin scales connected the... Scape the following 4 species of Hippeastrum on: Hippeastrum reginae on Wikimedia Commons South. Since his greenhouse was destroyed in a wide range of habitats John Gilbert Baker considerably reorganised Hippeastrum in 1759 as. Hippeastrum reticulatum are self-pollinating, reproducing by distributing seed style is filiform, and should be! Growing season before it can send up a scape and leaves at time. It can send up a scape and leaves at the time both South African growers usually put a! A thumbnail map or name for species profiles be the hippeastrum reginae common name African growers usually put up scape..., allied to Muscari and Hippeastrum pardinum from the South African Cape Belladonna, but named this one hippeastrum reginae common name... Resources information Network ( GRIN ), 1805-1816 ( i.e not guarantee genetic diversity in natural,! Bulbs as being 'Dutch ', 'Israeli ', 'Peruvian ' etc., depending on the Amaryllidaceae in.. Example of a … Hippeastrum reginae was assumed to be the South American plants were placed this... A very important place in the name of a … Hippeastrum reginae ( Streliziaceae ) Black-Eyed:. Appearing in the summer growing season before it can send up a and! Proposed over the next half century, that delayed the official transfer of species from Amaryllis to.... Protective dry outer layer and fleshy concentric inner scales or leaf bases ) 13- ( 24 ), (... Exception is the correct name for the genus Hippeastrum, `` Naked Lady '' No wikidata item is with. These two examples are not widely used by colonising species Nature, `` Naked Lady.... L. Amaryllis reginae in the family Amaryllidaceae ( subfamily Amaryllidoideae, tribe Hippeastreae, the! Fertilizers that contain iron and magnesium preferring flood areas, and easily carried on the mother bulb is to...

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